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Castle Hill, Castle Carlton

Reference Name MLI43602

Castle Hill, Castle Carlton

Castle Hill, Castle Carlton.


A motte and double bailey castle. Supposed to be part of the castle of Hugh Bardolf, a Justiciar in the reign of King Richard I. {1}{2}{3}

For a detailed description see Arthur Owen's paper in Lincolnshire History and Archaeology. {4}

The castle takes the form of a motte and double bailey enclosed by ditches, with external banks. It was built in the 11th or 12th century and is thought to have been built either as a post-Conquest fortification of Ansgot or as a response to the turmoil of King Stephen's reign by Ralph de la Haye, an active supporter of Stephen. {5}

The earthwork remains of the castle were recorded in March 2013 and October 2014, as part of a research project investigating the development of Castle Carlton. The survey recorded the substantial earthwork defences, with traces of a second probable bailey to the west of the main mound, defined by a curving earthwork bank in what is now Castle Wood. The courses of several streams were utilised or altered during the construction of the castle, to add to its defences. Probable entrances to the main bailey area were also recorded as significant breaks in the western and southern parts of the bailey bank. Construction of the castle is thought to have occurred in the later half of the 11th century, as a distinctly separate and earlier focus of activity in this area, occuring several years prior to the development of the nearby settlement (see PRN 42503). {6}{7}

1 Index: Ordnance Survey. Ordnance Survey Card Index. TF 38 SE: 5, 1965, Seaman, B.H.
2 Scheduling record: HBMC. AM 7. SAM 122
3 Bibliographic reference: Cox, J. Charles. 1924. Little Guide: Lincolnshire (second edition). p.97
4 Article in serial: Owen, A.E.B.. 1992. 'Castle Carlton: the origins of a medieval "new town"', Lincolnshire History and Archaeology. pp.17-22
5 Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1999. Revised scheduling document 31629. MPP 23
6 Intervention Report: University of Exeter. 2015. Castle Carlton. -
7 Bibliographic reference: Wright, Duncan; Creighton, Oliver; Fradley, Michael and Trick, Steve. 2015. 'Castle Carlton, Lincolnshire: the Origins and Evolution of a Castle and Medieval New Town' in the Journal of the Medieval Settlement Research Group. vol.30, pp.25-33

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Last updated: 09-December-2016 14:55:03

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