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Settlement of Aswarby



Reference Name MLI90332

Name:
Settlement of Aswarby

Summary:
The settlement of Aswarby is first mentioned in the Domesday Book and survives to the present

Location:
ASWARBY AND SWARBY, NORTH KESTEVEN, LINCOLNSHIRE

Description:
PRN 64826
[Note: the location shown on mapinfo for this village corresponds to the 19th century and later estate village - for the probable site of the earlier village, see PRN 63998.]
Aswarby is first mentioned in the Domesday Book. Land there was owned by Gilbert de Gand and Guy of Craon. It had a minimum population of 42 sokemen and 4 bordars. A church and two parts of another church are also mentioned. {1}
The place name 'Aswardby' is of old Danish origin and refers to the farmstead or village of Aswarth. {2}
The Lay Subsidy of 1334 lists the settlement's wealth as £3 8s 7 3/4d, below average for its wapentake (Aswardhurn). {3}
The Diocesan Return of 1563 records 22 households in the parish. {4}
By the late 17th/early 18th century, there were 21 families in the parish, falling to 19. {5}
By 1801 there were 113 people living in the parish, rising to 142 in 1861 before falling again to 122 by 1901. {6}
The current layout of the village is influenced by the Aswarby Park estate, and many of the buildings are former estate cottages or offices built in 1845-51 (see individual building records for further details), after the village was moved to make way for an improved and enlarged park. The earlier village is said to have been located about 500 yards to the south west of its current site (see PRN 63998). {7}{8}
Aswarby was briefly famous as a spa or medicinal spring in the 1730s and the local inn was said to cater for "vast crowds". {8}{9}

Sources:
1 Bibliographic reference: Foster, C.W. and Longley, T.. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. 24/79, 103; 57/32
2 Bibliographic reference: Cameron, K.. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. p 5
3 Article in serial: Glasscock, R. E.. 1964. 'The Lay Subsidy of 1334 for Lincolnshire' in Lincolnshire Architectural and Archaeological Society Reports and Papers. p 123
4 Bibliographic reference: Hodgett, G.A.J.. 1975. Tudor Lincolnshire. p 190
5 Bibliographic reference: Cole, R.E.G.. 1913. Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub Episcopis Gul: Wake et Edm: Gibson A.D.1705-1723. Part I Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow. p 7
6 Bibliographic reference: Page, W. (editor). 1906. The Victoria County History. Lincolnshire volume II. p 359
7 Bibliographic reference: Pevsner, N., and Harris, J., with Antram, N.. 1989. Buildings of England (second edition). Lincolnshire. p 109
8 Bibliographic reference: Leach, Terence R. 1990. Lincolnshire Country Houses and their Families. Part One. p 43
9 Bibliographic reference: Trollope, E.. 1872. Sleaford and the Wapentakes of Flaxwell and Aswardhurn in the County of Lincoln. pp 331-32
10 Bibliographic reference: WHITE, W.. 1856. HISTORY, GAZETTEER AND DIRECTORY OF LINCOLNSHIRE. pp 538-39

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Last updated: 10-March-2014 12:06:10

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