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Settlement of Nocton



Reference Name MLI80749

Name:
Settlement of Nocton

Summary:
The settlement of Nocton probably has its origins in the Anglo-Saxon period, and survives to the present.

Location:
NOCTON, NORTH KESTEVEN, LINCOLNSHIRE

Description:
PRN 61198
Two manors are mentioned in the Domesday Book, and are recorded as belonging to Norman de Arci. One of the manors was much bigger than the other, and there was sokeland of Nocton in Dunston. The minimum population in Nocton at the time of the Domesday Survey was 40. Six mills (61774) and a church (61806) and priest are also mentioned. {1}
A charter was granted to Philip Darcy in 1257, and another was granted to Norman Darcy in 1284 to hold a fair on the 21st to 22nd July. {2}
39 households were recorded in 1563, and 28 by 1721. The population rose to 287 people in 1801 and 482 in 1901.{3}{4}{5}
In the village are many stone-built estate cottages, mostly Gothic. North west of the church is a long, low two storey row with a gabled centre, with 13 bays, and at intervals are round-arched passageways to the entrances at the back, dated 1841. {6}
Aerial photographs of the village show ridge and furrow west of the village, and south of the village, east of the road which leads to Dunston. {7}{8}
From TF 0161 6432 to TF 0613 6432 a well-built stone-lined drain was discovered during the laying of a watermain. The floor was lined with bricks dating from the fifteenth to the seventeenth century. Also revealed was a well-built mortared stone wall, c.2 feet wide with ashlar facing, presumably of medieval date. {9}
A watching brief was carried out at The Shieling, The Green, in Nocton. An undated pit-like feature, possibly a well, was waterlogged when excavation took place, and measured approximately 3m wide and 0.6m deep to the limit of the excavation, with a fill of limestone, plant and charcoal inclusions, and animal bone, representing natural silting and possible dumping. The limestone pieces may have been disturbed lining material. This feature was later recut, with the recut extending farther east and measuring 0.5m deep by 1m wide and 6m long to the limit of the excavation. A fragment of Roman tile (61199) and a piece of animal bone were recovered from the fill. {10}{11}
A possible pit or pond was also excavated, measuring approximately 1.8m long by 1m wide and 0.7m deep to the limit of the excavation. This feature is comparable to a similar feature recorded during an archaeological investigation west of this site, which was dated to the medival period from pottery finds in the fill. {10}{11}
These features are thought to date from the medieval period, partially based on the similar feature to the west. {10}{11}
Post medieval and modern artefacts were recovered during a watching brief on land next to Manor Court (TF 0585 6455). This included eighteenth to twentieth century pottery, glass and tile. A mortared stone and brick wall, thought to be part of a modern piggery, was also revealed. {12}{13}
During a watching brief centred on TF0580 6450, a post-medieval boundary ditch, aligned east/west, and a residual sherd of 13th-14th century pottery were recorded. Two undated pits and a ditch, thought to be another boundary ditch, aligned north-east/south-west, were also recorded.{14}{15}
During a watching brief at TF 0587 6412, two medieval pits containing 13th -14th century pottery, and a pond or pit also containing 13-14th century pottery were recorded. Although these features suggest some medieval activity, it does seem to be on a limited scale, suggesting perhaps that this part of Nocton is on the periphery of the medieval settlement.{16}{17}

Sources:
01 Bibliographic reference: Foster, C.W. and Longley, T.. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. 32/32-34
02 Bibliographic reference: PLATTS, G.. 1985. LAND AND PEOPLE IN MEDIEVAL LINCOLNSHIRE. App. 1
03 Bibliographic reference: Hodgett, G.A.J.. 1975. Tudor Lincolnshire. page 190
04 Bibliographic reference: Cole, R.E.G.. 1913. Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub Episcopis Gul: Wake et Edm: Gibson A.D.1705-1723. Part I Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow. page 91
05 Bibliographic reference: Page, W. (editor). 1906. The Victoria County History. Lincolnshire volume II. page 363
06 Bibliographic reference: Pevsner, N. and Harris, J., with Antram, N.. 1989. Buildings of England (Second Edition). Lincolnshire. page 578
07 Aerial Photograph: 1945-84. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY COLLECTION. NQ70,71, 1954
08 Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. LINCOLNSHIRE. TF0663:LI.888.5.1; 1996
09 Index: SMR FILE NOCTON. NOCTON. TF 06 SE:G, 1971
10 Intervention Report: Archaeological Project Services. April 2000. The Shieling, The Green. NTS99
11 Excavation archive: Archaeological Project Services. April 2000. The Shieling, The Green. LCNCC 170.99
12 Intervention Report: Archaeological Project Services. Apr 1998. Land next to Manor Court, Main Road, Nocton. NMC97
13 Excavation archive: Archaeological Project Services. 1998. Land next to Manor Court, Main Road, Nocton. LCNCC 251.97
14 Intervention Report: Archaeological Project Services. Sep 2001. Land at Manor Farm, Nocton. NMF99
15 Excavation archive: Archaeological Project Services. Sep 2001. Land at Manor Farm, Nocton. LCNCC 259.99
16 Intervention Report: Archaeological Project Services. 2001. Land next to the Green, Main Road, Nocton.. NTG 98
17 Excavation archive: Archaeological Project Services. 2001. Land next to the Green, Main Road, Nocton.. LCNCC:170.98

Links:
Lincolnshire County Council is not responsible for the content of external weblinks.
The following reports are available from the ADS digital library.
10 Intervention Report: Archaeological Project Services. April 2000. The Shieling, The Green. NTS99
12 Intervention Report: Archaeological Project Services. Apr 1998. Land next to Manor Court, Main Road, Nocton. NMC97
14 Intervention Report: Archaeological Project Services. Sep 2001. Land at Manor Farm, Nocton. NMF99
16 Intervention Report: Archaeological Project Services. 2001. Land next to the Green, Main Road, Nocton.. NTG 98

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Last updated: 24-July-2015 13:33:49

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