Some of the oldest surviving buildings still in use in Lincolnshire are churches. Many Lincolnshire churches were built before the Norman Conquest of 1066, and fragments of those buildings still survive in some churches. In some cases this is more than fragments: many churches have Anglo-Saxon towers, and the church of St Mary at Stow is largely Anglo-Saxon, although it has been restored several times over the centuries.
Further information on the The Church of St Mary at Stow can be found on the HER Gateway website.
As well as religious buildings, some of the secular buildings which the Normans built still survive. The most prominent of these is Lincoln Castle. However, the Normans built many other castles in Lincolnshire, including at Sleaford, Tattershall and Stamford. Fragments of these can still be seen today.
Further information on the Norman Buildings can be found on the HER Gateway website.
Norman houses also survive in Lincolnshire, in particular in Lincoln, and in Boothby Pagnell.
Further information on the The Boothby Pagnell Manor House can be found on the HER Gateway website.
Lincolnshire has many buildings which are vernacular; that is they are of local and traditional design, and constructed using local materials. These vary according to geology, timber availability, and local preferences and traditions. One of the most interesting and important of these is the ‘mud and stud’ tradition. There are many variations of earth-based construction, and ‘mud and stud’ is almost exclusively found in Lincolnshire. It is a tradition that is found in the buildings of the earliest settlements in the USA, to where carpenters from Lincolnshire had travelled.
Mud and stud construction starts with a light timber framework upon which vertical laths are nailed. Before the eighteenth century the timber used was predominantly oak, but later the framework is of pine. Riven laths are usually ash, but other timbers are often used.
The mud mix, basically daub, consisting of earth mixed with chopped straw and water, is applied in gradual stages to both sides of the wall, covering all timber on the exterior.
A plain white limewash is then applied, which is the traditional external finish.
Further information on the Llyndu House, Thimbleby can be found on the HER Gateway website.
Methodism and the chapels that were built were very important elements of the spiritual and social life and architectural landscape of Lincolnshire. The chapels that survive are diverse in size and appearance: their diversity is part of what makes these buildings important, and reflects differing social, economic, religious and aesthetic values and aspirations between the communities who built them. Non Conformist or Methodist Records exhibition.
Further information on the Weslyan Methodist Chapel, Walkerith can be found on the HER Gateway website.
Further information on the Weslyan Methodist Chapel, Spalding can be found on the HER Gateway website.
As long as there has been farming in Britain, agriculture has always been a crucial part of the Lincolnshire economy. There are many traditional farm buildings which survive in rural Lincolnshire.
There are many small industrial buildings which still exist today, like some examples of village smithies. There are also some interesting examples of larger industrial buildings which can still be seen, like the Bass Maltings in Sleaford.
Further information on the Bass Maltings can be found on the HER Gateway website.
When the railways were constructed in Lincolnshire, they not only brought the railway lines themselves, but also many other types of related buildings were also built. These include signal boxes, crossing-keepers cottages and Station Masters’ houses.
These are only some of the types of buildings which are recorded in the HER. Search the database to find out more.