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Timeline Tour of The Collection KS2

Starting at the Ice Ages, follow the timeline around the gallery to learn about Lincolnshire’s past and people.

The first people lived in Lincolnshire around 300,000 years ago!

No skeletons have been found in this area from so long ago, but we have evidence of their lives from the stone tools that have survived from this time.

This type of early man was called Homo heidelbergensis.

During the Ice Ages there were long periods of extreme cold and then milder periods in between.

Over thousands of years, different species of animals thrived in the hot or cold climates.

About 30,000 years ago a new species of human came in to Britain from Africa. They were fully modern humans, known as Homo sapiens, thought to be our direct ancestors.

The Iron Age

Around 2700 years ago, people had discovered a tougher metal for creating tools and weapons called iron. People were still living in settlements building roundhouses and were very skilled farmers and craftsmen.

It is thought that Iron Age people deposited precious objects into the river to honour their gods. Together with the log boat, many other objects have been found in the River Witham at Fiskerton.

Roman Invasion AD 43a

Emperor Claudius sent four legions to the south coast of England for his invasion. The ‘Ninth, Hispanic’ Legion arrived in this area about AD 47. At that time, it is thought that there was only a small settlement of Celtic people close to the river.

Retired soldiers were encouraged to settle down and marry in parts of Britain. Lindum Colonia was one of only four of these colonies.

Parts of this walled stone city still stand today.

Vikings

Around 1200 years ago, people from Scandinavia, known as ‘Vikings’, invaded Britain. At first they came to raid, looting rich monasteries but later settled here to take advantage of the rich farm lands and wide open spaces for grazing animals.

Lincoln became a major trading place in Viking times. The River Witham was a wide tidal river, able to carry large cagro ships bringing in goods from Europe and beyond. Viking Lincoln even had it’s own ‘mint’ (where coins are made).

Anglo-Saxons

As the Romans left around 1600 years ago, people came into Britain to settle from all over Europe. The Anglo-Saxons originated from different countries. Angles and Jutes came from Denmark, Saxons from Germany, Frisians from Holland and the Franks from France.

The Anglo-Saxons chose to live as farmers in small settlements and did not use, or develop, the city the Romans left behind.

Beautifully crafted jewellery and weapons were made by the Anglo-Saxons.

Most artefacts found from early Anglo-Saxon times are ‘grave goods’. People were buried with their belongings believing that these objects would be taken with them into the afterlife.

AD 1066 Norman Conquest

After William the Conqueror won the Battle Hastings in 1066, he became the first Norman king of England.

When Lincoln Castle was built many local houses were demolished and local people were forced to labour on building the castle itself.

Gradually the Normans introduced a feudal system, where social class was very clearly defined.

In the early 14th century Sir Geoffrey Luttrell, a landowner in Lincolnshire, commissioned a Psalter (book of prayer). The book is special because it depicts very rare images of ordinary people working on the land of his estate.

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Look Out For


OPEM exhibition at The Collection

28 January - 2 May 2017

Exhibition Opening Times: 10:00am - 4:00pm


OPEM 4 is the fourth biennial open exhibition hosted by The Collection and Usher Gallery, and will showcase the work of local and regional artists who were chosen by a pair of industry experts (writer/curator Elinor Morgan and artist Brian Griffiths) based on the quality and originality of their work. Hundreds of artists from around Lincolnshire, Yorkshire, Cambridgeshire and more entered into the competition, hoping to have their work featured centre-stage at a professional art exhibition.


The winning artists are:

• Reece Straw

• Jake Kent

• Stephanie Douet

• Jake Moore

• Selina Mosinski

• Matthew Chesney

• Ellen Brady

• Colette Griffin


This will be the first time some of these artists have exhibited with a professional institution. By winning the competition these artists will each receive money and supplies to fund the creation of an all-new original piece of work for this particular show. Other prizes include a £3000 purchasing/commissioning prize which has been sponsored by the Heslam Trust, while another artist will receive their own solo exhibition in The Usher Gallery.


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Lincolnshire's heritage is a rich, diverse and precious legacy. Your donations will be used to improve your visit through better exhibitions, increased digitisation and conservation work. Your generosity will help to preserve and keep vibrant our heritage for future generations. Thank you for your support.

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Last updated: 23 June 2011

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