Timeline Tour of The Collection KS2
Starting at the Ice Ages, follow the timeline around the gallery to learn about Lincolnshire’s past and people.
The first people lived in Lincolnshire around 300,000 years ago!
No skeletons have been found in this area from so long ago, but we have evidence of their lives from the stone tools that have survived from this time.
This type of early man was called Homo heidelbergensis.
During the Ice Ages there were long periods of extreme cold and then milder periods in between.
Over thousands of years, different species of animals thrived in the hot or cold climates.
About 30,000 years ago a new species of human came in to Britain from Africa. They were fully modern humans, known as Homo sapiens, thought to be our direct ancestors.
The Iron Age
Around 2700 years ago, people had discovered a tougher metal for creating tools and weapons called iron. People were still living in settlements building roundhouses and were very skilled farmers and craftsmen.
It is thought that Iron Age people deposited precious objects into the river to honour their gods. Together with the log boat, many other objects have been found in the River Witham at Fiskerton.
Roman Invasion AD 43a
Emperor Claudius sent four legions to the south coast of England for his invasion. The ‘Ninth, Hispanic’ Legion arrived in this area about AD 47. At that time, it is thought that there was only a small settlement of Celtic people close to the river.
Retired soldiers were encouraged to settle down and marry in parts of Britain. Lindum Colonia was one of only four of these colonies.
Parts of this walled stone city still stand today.
Around 1200 years ago, people from Scandinavia, known as ‘Vikings’, invaded Britain. At first they came to raid, looting rich monasteries but later settled here to take advantage of the rich farm lands and wide open spaces for grazing animals.
Lincoln became a major trading place in Viking times. The River Witham was a wide tidal river, able to carry large cagro ships bringing in goods from Europe and beyond. Viking Lincoln even had it’s own ‘mint’ (where coins are made).
As the Romans left around 1600 years ago, people came into Britain to settle from all over Europe. The Anglo-Saxons originated from different countries. Angles and Jutes came from Denmark, Saxons from Germany, Frisians from Holland and the Franks from France.
The Anglo-Saxons chose to live as farmers in small settlements and did not use, or develop, the city the Romans left behind.
Beautifully crafted jewellery and weapons were made by the Anglo-Saxons.
Most artefacts found from early Anglo-Saxon times are ‘grave goods’. People were buried with their belongings believing that these objects would be taken with them into the afterlife.
AD 1066 Norman Conquest
After William the Conqueror won the Battle Hastings in 1066, he became the first Norman king of England.
When Lincoln Castle was built many local houses were demolished and local people were forced to labour on building the castle itself.
Gradually the Normans introduced a feudal system, where social class was very clearly defined.
In the early 14th century Sir Geoffrey Luttrell, a landowner in Lincolnshire, commissioned a Psalter (book of prayer). The book is special because it depicts very rare images of ordinary people working on the land of his estate.