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In Memoriam - Learning Resource KS4

Learning Resources for In Memoriam A.H.H

1. Compare two anniversaries: The healing power of time

Compare Lyric 72 with Lyric 99 (please see images below).

  • Lyric 72 First anniversary of Hallam’s death 15th Sept 1834. ‘howl’ ‘blast’ ‘lash’ ‘hide thy shame beneath the ground’
  • Lyric 99 The second anniversary of Hallam’s death. ‘balmy’ ‘lowings’ ‘murmurest’ .’They know me not, yet mourn with me.’

2. Journey through grief

Elisabeth Kubler-Ross in On Death and Dying 1969, identified five stages when being faced with the reality of death: Denial, Anger, Bargaining, Depression and Acceptance.

Kübler-Ross originally applied these stages to people suffering from terminal illness, later to any form of catastrophic personal loss, including the death of a loved one. Just before her own death she did warn that ‘Our grief is as individual as our lives. Not everyone goes through all of [the stages] or goes through them in a prescribed order.’ Elisabeth Kubler-Ross On Grief and Grieving 2004.

Using these five stages, plot the course of Tennyson’s grief through In Memoriam. See below for an example of a rather longer journey through grief.

A 15 Stage Journey in Grief in In Memoriam:

  • Find quotes from the images which reflect these stages:
  • I’m a bit embarrassed at how over-wrought I’ve been. (Prologue)
  • I can’t help imagining the decaying body and where it is. (II)
  • The rituals of the burial services give me a way of saying my howls of grief. (05 V)
  • Was it all as wonderful as I say? Is the past always better? (21 XXIV )
  • Even though it is really hard, it’s better to be going through all this pain because it meant I did experience love. (22 XXVII )
  • I must cling on to idea that I will be better and wiser because of this sorrow.
  • I have to believe it was all meant to be - but it’s difficult when see how cruel and careless Nature is.
  • You were and are too good for me. (LX)
  • I cannot remember the beloved’s face. LXX
  • These poems might not be appreciated by anyone else. Does it matter? I’m writing for myself XXVII)
  • New friends can’t compare to you LXXXV
  • Sudden desperate physical longing. XCIII
  • Sudden vivid memories. XCV
  • Moving on. XV
  • It is part of human nature to be with others. CVIII.

Related images

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Battles and Dynasties

Battles and Dynasties

27 May - 3 September 2017

Battles and Dynasties explores the conflict for the crown from Domesday to present day through fascinating documents, paintings and artefacts each fundamental to our local and national heritage. The Exhibition runs from 27 May to 3 September 2017 at the Collection Museum.

It's an unmissable opportunity to see significant pieces on our doorstep here in Lincolnshire, including major objects and paintings that are rarely shown outside of London and some things from private collections that are never on display. Read more about the exhibition here


As part of the Battles and Dynasties the Domesday Book, the country's earliest surviving public record will be on show at Lincoln Castle this summer.

This is a rare and unmissable opportunity to see Domesday on display, in a castle built by the same king that ordered the document. The iconic document will be on display in the David P J Ross Magna Carta Vault. Read more about Domesday at Lincoln Castle here

This exhibition has been made possible as a result of the Government Indemnity Scheme. Lincolnshire County Council would like to thank HM Government for providing Government Indemnity and the Department for Culture, Media and Sport and Arts Council England for arranging the indemnity.

Battles and Dynasties has been brought together by Lincolnshire County Council and Lord Cormack in partnership with the Historic Lincoln Trust, The National Archives and the British Library.


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Last updated: 23 February 2011

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