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Bolingbroke Castle, Bolingbroke



Reference Name MLI43574

Name:
Bolingbroke Castle, Bolingbroke

Summary:
Bolingbroke Castle, Bolingbroke

Location:
BOLINGBROKE, EAST LINDSEY, LINCOLNSHIRE

Description:
A castle at Bolingbroke was first recorded in 1232 and 1243 and was probably built c.1220-30 when Randulph de Blundevill returned from the crusades. The earlier castle may have been on Dewy Hill, to the north of the village. The castle consisted of a wet moat and walled enclosure defended by towers at the angles and a double towered gate house. A courtyard, hall and further buildings inside. To the south are the earthworks of the rout yard, used to shelter tented armies. The future Henry IV was born here in 1367. The castle was besieged by the Parliamentarians in the autumn of 1643 and the besiegers marched out to engage and defeat the Royalist relief column from Newark at the Battle of Winceby (see PRN42274). After the battle the castle held out until November 1643. {1}{2}{3}{4}{5}{6}{7}{8}{9}

N. Field and P. Losco-Bradley give a full bibliography related to the castle. {10}

Scheduling revised 16/06/1994. Renumbered SAM 22623. {11}

For the full description and the legal address of this listed building please refer to the appropriate List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. {12}

A watching brief adjacent to the castle revealed possible upcast from the construction of the moat to the north, and to the east a feature was observed which may be associated with the castle boundary bank. {13}

During a watching brief in 2002, two ditches were recorded, aligned north to south and north-west to south-east. Although no dating evidence was recovered, the relationship of the ditches to the overlying deposits suggested that the ditches were pre-sixteenth century in date. It is thought that the ditches carried water to or from the moat to the castle. {14}{15}

Recording of a vandalised arch was undertaken in 2000. {16}{17}

Sources:
1 Index: SMR. Sites and Monuments Record Card Index. TF 36 NW: M
2 Index: Ordnance Survey. Ordnance Survey Card Index. TF 36 NW: 10, 1963, Harper, F.R.
3 Scheduling Record: HBMC. AM 7. SAM 88
4 Article in Serial: DREWETT P L AND FREKE D J. 1974. 'The Great Hall at Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire' in Medieval Archaeology. vol.18, pp.163-5
5 Article in Serial: Thompson, M.W.. 1966. Medieval Archaeology. vol.10, pp.152-8
6 Article in Serial: THOMPSON, M.W.. 1969. MEDIEVAL ARCHAEOLOGY. vol.13, pp.216-7
7 Article in Serial: MASSINGBERD F C. 1906. Associated Architectural and Archaeological Societies’ Reports and Papers. vol.4, pp.230-46
8 Bibliographic Reference: PLATTS, G.. 1985. Land and People in Medieval Lincolnshire. vol.4, pp.96-102
9 Aerial Photograph: 1945-84. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY COLLECTION. JE52-62; LH53-60; AMU93
10 Report: LINDSEY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SERVICES. 1991. BOLINGBROKE CASTLE REFERENCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY. MPP23
11 Scheduling Record: ENGLISH HERITAGE. 1994. REVISED SCHEDULING DOCUMENT 22623. -
12 Index: Department of the Environment. 1988. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. 1/32
13 Report: LINDSEY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SERVICES. 1996. OLD BOLINGBROKE ELECTRICITY CABLE WORKS. OBC96
14 Report: Pre-Construct Archaeology. Sept 2002. Moat Lane, Old Bolingbroke. MLOB02
15 Archive: Pre-Construct Archaeology. Sept 2002. Moat Lane, Old Bolingbroke. LCNCC 2002.396
16 Report: Archaeological Project Services. 2002. Bolingbroke castle, Old Bolingbroke. OBC00
17 Archive: Archaeological Project Services. 2002. Bolingbroke Castle, Old Bolingbroke. LCNCC:2002.327

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Last updated: 12-December-2018 13:49:26

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