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Possible turf maze on, or near, the site of Julian Bower Lime Works, Louth



Reference Name MLI86594

Name:
Possible turf maze on, or near, the site of Julian Bower Lime Works, Louth

Summary:
Possible turf maze on, or near, the site of Julian Bower Lime Works, Louth. The site may have become part of Louth's public cemetery in 1855.

Location:
LOUTH, EAST LINDSEY, LINCOLNSHIRE

Description:
PRN 45564 [This record includes information from PRN45547 which has now been deleted.]
It is suggested there was a turf maze on the outskirts of Louth on a hill called Julian Bower which was recorded in 1536 as a place of muster. It is thought to have been located on the site of the Julian Bower Lime Works. The evidence for the maze is based on the place name 'Julian Bower' which is associated with turf mazes at other places. None of the original references cited in this source appear to specifically mention a turf maze. {1}

Julian Bower is marked on the OS surveyor's drawing of 1818 for the first edition of the Ordnance Survey one inch to the mile map. It is marked on the east side of the main road south of Louth. A map of 1834 shows Julian Bower marked at the same place. {2}{3}

The wooded hill called Julian Bower on the south side of the town is recorded in White's Directory for 1856, although the suggestion that it might be a druidical temple is false. {4}

The site marked on the 1818 and the 1834 maps is on, or close to, the site of the Julian Bower Lime Works on the 1888 OS map. The site has perhaps been quarried and lost. The place marked on the earlier maps is still by the Julian Bower Lime Works on the 1905 OS map. {5}{6}

One of the preliminary sketch panels for William Brown's painting The Louth Panorama, the one labelled 'south-east', marks Julian Bower as a clear and distinct wooded hill with the name 'Julian Bower' written on this hill. The hill is drawn on the east side of, and adjacent to, Upgate / London Road. This was to be the site of the public cemetery. The preliminary sketch panels date from 1844. {7}

In a Louth ordinance of 1603 it was ordered that 'all whose grounds abut upon the common sewer in Spittle hill laine [probably meaning Upgate / London Road, as modern Spital Hill is a nineteenth century street] leading as far as Gillyon Bower' need to cleanse and flush the sewer that lies against their property. [The words in brackets are those of the author of source 8.] William Brown marked the wooded hill top on the east side of London Road – Upgate, south of the lime quarry, as Julian Bower on his 1844 sketch of the town. It is unclear whether the original Julian Bower maze and cross were located on the west side or the east side of London Road – Upgate, Bayley's 1834 plan may be the best guide to any surviving local tradition with regard to its location given that he discussed Julian Bower and its cross in the book that his plan was published in. {8}

The Louth Enclosure Award plan shows a roughly circular enclosure allotment on the east side of Upgate-London Road adjacent to this road and opposite the end of the modern road called Julian Bower. This allotment is numbered 198 and has several trees drawn within it on the plan. It is in the same place as the wooded hill depicted on the preliminary sketch panels for the Louth Panorama in 1844 (see above source 7). The description of allotment 198 in the schedule reads: 'All that other plot or parcel of land called Julian Bower in the said southfield No.198 containing in Statute Measure One rood and twenty perches bounded by the said Allotment No.157 the said allotment No.162 and the said Turnpike Road leading to Spilsby respectively'. [One rood and twenty perches is a measurement of area equal to 1815 square yards or about 1517.57 square metres. This would give the allotment number 198 a diameter of about 43.96 metres.] {9}

Sources:
1 Article in Serial: Wall, John. 1993. 'Lincolnshire turf mazes and associated sites' in Lincolnshire Past and Present. part.2, vol.12, p.6
2 Internet Website: British Library. 2011->. Ordnance Survey Drawings. http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex/ordsurvdraw/index.html. Louth sheet 1818
3 Bibliographic Reference: BAYLEY, R.. 1834. NOTICES OF LOUTH. Frontispiece map
4 Bibliographic Reference: White, William. 1856. History, Gazetteer and Directory of Lincolnshire - Second Edition. p.243
5 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1884-1888. 6 Inch Ordnance Survey County Series Map - First Edition. Sheet 56NW
6 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-06. 25 Inch Ordnance Survey County Series Map - Second Edition. Sheet 56/1
7 Bibliographic Reference: Robinson, David and Sturman, Christopher. 2001. William Fowler and the Louth Panorama. pp.30, 64
8 Bibliographic Reference: Green, Caitlin. 2012. The Streets of Louth. An A-Z History. pp.123-5
9 Unpublished Document: Lincolnshire Archives. A document from Lincolnshire Archives Office. Louth Enclosure Award (1805). Louth St James PAR/17/1: page 12 and plan

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Last updated: 06-December-2017 13:53:29

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