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Romano-British Settlement Site, Swinhope



Reference Name MLI50634

Name:
Romano-British Settlement Site, Swinhope

Summary:
Cropmarks of a probable Romano-British settlement site, on land to the east of Swinhope.

Location:
SWINHOPE, WEST LINDSEY, LINCOLNSHIRE

Description:
Cropmarks of a rectilinear complex located on a steeply sloping Wolds valley spur, first recorded as faint germination marks in bare soil in the winter of 1986. Photographs during the summer of 1991 in a ripening cereal crop of the main complex produced additional information which lends weight to the original suggestion that the site represents a Romano-British villa complex. Romano-British potsherds are recorded from the field. {1}{2}{3}

An oval shaped cropmark overlain by the settlement site has been interpreted as the probable remains of a Neolithic long barrow (see PRN 52391). It was thought possible that, rather than representing the remains of a long barrow, this feature may instead be the remains of a hut circle, forming part of an earlier Iron Age farmstead on the site, which later evolved into a Romano-British settlement. {4}

The Swinhope site is an example of a settlement of nucleated form, with well-defined limits, that lacks the strict rectilinearity of villa sites but which may, nevertheless, be attributed villa status. It occupies a prominent position on the slopes of a spur on the east side of the valley of the Waithe Beck. Cropmarks of intersecting linear field boundaries are found to the east and several undated enclosure groups, thought to be Roman, have been recorded within a radius of 600m to the north and south. Romano-British potsherds have also been recovered in the area. {5}

Sources:
1 Article in Serial: Christopher Sturman (ed.). 1992. 'Archaeology in Lincolnshire, 1991' in Lincolnshire History and Archaeology. vol.27, p.42, fig.4
2 Aerial Photograph: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1946-98. RCHME National Aerial Photograph Collection at Swindon. 12112/12 (1991)
3 Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. LINCOLNSHIRE. TF 29 NW: LI.318.1.1-5
4 Unpublished Document: C. Went. 1997. Alternative Action Site Report. -
5 Article in Monograph: Dilwyn Jones. 1998. 'Romano-British settlements on the Lincolnshire Wolds', in Lincolnshire's Archaeology from the Air. pp.69-75, figs.4, 6

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Last updated: 08-December-2018 13:35:00

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