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Settlement of Northorpe



Reference Name MLI50632

Name:
Settlement of Northorpe

Summary:
The settlement of Northorpe is first mentioned in the Domesday Book and survives to the present.

Location:
NORTHORPE, WEST LINDSEY, LINCOLNSHIRE

Description:
Northorpe is first mentioned in the Domesday Book. The name is thought to derive from the Old Danish word 'thorp', meaning 'secondary settlement', to which the Old English north was added to distinguish it from Southorpe in the same parish. Northorpe is recorded together with Southorpe in Domesday, and it is difficult to separate the entries. {1}{2}

The Lay Subsidy of 1334 lists the settlement's wealth as £1 12s 5.25d, below average for its wapentake (Corringham). {3}

By the late 17th/early 18th century, there were 20 families in the parish. This number had dropped to 14 by 1723. {4}

Notable residents of the village in 1856 are listed in White's Directory. 179 souls were recorded as being in the parish at this time. {5}

An Anglo-Saxon sculptured stone, said to be from Northorpe, is preserved in the cathedral library at Durham Cathedral. The stone is a portion of a tomb-slab or cross shaft, measuring 3ft 2" long by 11" wide and 5" thick. The face has two rows of figure-of-eight interlacements with two free rings or circles at one end; one edge has a cable-moulding but the other edge and the back have been cut away. The stone's origin within Northorpe is unclear; Pevsner indicates that the sculpture was from Northorpe church, but Davies says it was found in one of the walls of the old hall and this is thought to be more likely. {6}{7}{8}

Evidence of significant medieval settlement activity was recorded in 1996, during trial trenching on land off Chapel Lane (PRN 50632a - SK 8964 9710). The area of settlement activity appeared to be defined by a broad north to south aligned hollow way, visible at the eastern edge of the site as a linear earthwork. Further earthworks to the west of this appeared to represent the remains of former house platforms, one of which revealed the remains of a north to south aligned limestone wall during trenching. Other features revealed included a gully, a post hole and a backfilled quarry pit, at the base of which lay the remains of a former limestone-walled well. An assemblage of medieval pottery, two probably medieval hone stones and a quantity of animal bone was recovered from the site. The pottery assemblage comprised sherds from a variety of different fabrics and forms, largely dating from the late 12th to 15th centuries, although three residual sherds of late Saxon Torksey ware pottery were also recovered. {9}{10}

Sources:
1 Bibliographic reference: Cameron, K.. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. p.93
2 Bibliographic reference: Foster, C.W. and Longley, T.. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. 1/39, 53; 4/13; 8/16; 16/22, 25, 27; 71/13, 14; L4/6, 8, 9
3 Article in serial: Glasscock, R. E.. 1964. 'The Lay Subsidy of 1334 for Lincolnshire' in Lincolnshire Architectural and Archaeological Society Reports and Papers. p.129
4 Bibliographic reference: Cole, R.E.G.. 1913. Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub Episcopis Gul: Wake et Edm: Gibson A.D.1705-1723. Part I Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow. p.167
5 Bibliographic reference: William White. 1856. History, Gazetteer and Directory of Lincolnshire - Second Edition. p.197
6 Index: SMR. Sites and Monuments Record Card Index. SK 89 NE: H
7 Bibliographic reference: Pevsner, N. and Harris, J., with Antram, N.. 1989. Buildings of England (Second Edition). Lincolnshire. p.585
8 Article in serial: DAVIES, D.S.. 1926. ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. vol.33 (2nd series), pp.17-8, fig.3
9 Intervention Report: Pre-Construct Archaeology (Lincoln). 1996. Chapel Lane, Northorpe. PCA site code: NOR96
10 Excavation archive: Pre-Construct Archaeology (Lincoln). 1996. Chapel Lane, Northorpe. LCNCC 141.96

Links:
Lincolnshire County Council is not responsible for the content of external weblinks.
The following reports are available from the ADS digital library.
9 Intervention Report: Pre-Construct Archaeology (Lincoln). 1996. Chapel Lane, Northorpe. PCA site code: NOR96

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Last updated: 04-December-2016 14:47:24

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