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Stainfield Nunnery



Reference Name MLI54216

Name:
Stainfield Nunnery

Summary:
Site of Benedictine Nunnery

Location:
STAINFIELD, WEST LINDSEY, LINCOLNSHIRE

Description:
Earthwork site surviving in parkland and comprising a palimpsest of several periods, the main elements being:
1. Possibly a pre-monastic village lying in the valley bottom, whose site was later occupied by the monastery.
2. A monastic site, its remains comprising the precinct boundary and a fine set of fish ponds, tanks and associated buildings. The claustral buildings lie under the present farm buildings.
3. The medieval village remains on the hill top. Possibly the village was moved and laid out anew with the arrival of the monastery.
4. A post dissolution formal garden of the 17th century, presumably belonging to Tyrwhitt House, the 16th century building being on the site of the ecclesiastical buildings (see 53602).
5. A formal garden of about 1710, comprising a vista to the west and a walled garden to the east of the present truncated house (see 53602). {1}
The house of Benedictine nuns at Stainfield was founded in or before the reign of Henry II. It was suppressed in 1536 and the nuns transferred to Stixwould. {5}
The monument includes the remains of the Benedictine nunnery of Stainfield, founded in the mid 12th century and dissolved in 1536. All fences, road surfaces and standing walls and buildings are excluded from the scheduling, apart from the brick walls to the east of the hall surviving from the 17th and 18th century gardens, and the gate pier. The ground beneath the excluded features is, however, included in the scheduling. The deserted medieval village appears to have been excluded from the scheduling. For further detailed description see the revised scheduling document 22608. {10}
It is suggested that there is a relationship between Stainfield nunnery and a conjectured causeway, possibly dating as far back as the Bronze Age (54780). {13}
Archaeological monitoring and recording was undertaken during excavation for a kissing gate on land at Stainfield by Archaeological Project Services in March 2010 (54216a). A demolition deposit was revealed which was probably associated with the former priory buildings. Within this layer was late medieval brick, tile, stone quarried from Barnack and an oyster shell. {14}{15}

Sources:
01 Scheduling Record: HBMC. 1978. AM 7. SAM 330
02 Index: OS CARD INDEX. STAINFIELD. TF 17 SW:1,1964, HARPER F R
03 Bibliographic Reference: KNOWLES, D. AND HADCOCK, R.N.. 1953. MEDIEVAL RELIGIOUS HOUSES IN ENGLAND AND WALES. P219
04 Bibliographic Reference: Nikolaus Pevsner and John Harris, with Nicholas Antram. 1989. Buildings of England: Lincolnshire (Second Edition). P683
05 Bibliographic Reference: Everson, P.L., Taylor, C.C. and Dunn, C.J.. 1991. Change and Continuity: Rural Settlement in North-West Lincolnshire. pp175-177;Fig24,124,125
06 Index: SMR FILE. STAINFIELD. TF 17 SW:D,1977, TMA
07 Index: SMR FILE. STAINFIELD. TF 17 SW:I -
08 Aerial Photograph: Paul Everson. 1975-90. RCHM. 2947/36,1980,
09 Aerial Photograph: Paul Everson. 1975-90. RCHM. 2952/27,1980,
10 Scheduling Record: ENGLISH HERITAGE. 1996. REVISED SCHEDULING DOCUMENT 22608. MPP 23
11 Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. LINCOLNSHIRE. TF1173:LI.14.1-12,1994,
12 Aerial Photograph: 1945-84. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY COLLECTION. AHD42, 44; CFJ22, 24
13 Article in Monograph: Paul Everson and David Stocker. 2003. ‘The straight and narrow way: fenland causeways and the conversion of the landscape in the Witham valley, Lincolnshire’, in The Cross Goes North, Processes of Conversion in Northern Europe, AD300-1300, edited by Martin Carver. pp.271-88
14 Report: Archaeological Project Services. 2010. Archaeological watching brief on land at Stainfield. STNG10
15 Archive: Archaeological Project Services. 2010. Archaeological watching brief on land at Stainfield. LCNCC; 2010.21

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Last updated: 04-December-2018 13:39:56

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