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WESTERN FOCUS OF MEDIEVAL SETTLEMENT OF HEAPHAM



Reference Name MLI51366

Name:
WESTERN FOCUS OF MEDIEVAL SETTLEMENT OF HEAPHAM

Summary:
WESTERN FOCUS OF MEDIEVAL SETTLEMENT OF HEAPHAM

Location:
HEAPHAM, WEST LINDSEY, LINCOLNSHIRE

Description:
THE VILLAGE OF HEAPHAM HAS TWO DISTINCT FOCI, BOTH WITH SOME EVIDENCE OF PLANNING, YET WITH THE PARISH CHURCH QUITE ISOLATED FROM BOTH AREAS OF MEDIEVAL OCCUPATION. THE EASTERN FOCUS COMPRISES EARTHWORKS OF THE SHRUNKEN SETTLEMENT (PRN 50515), WHILST THE WESTERN FOCUS COMPRISES THE SETTLEMENT THAT IS NOW THE MODERN VILLAGE OF HEAPHAM. BOTH NUCLEI ARE SHOWN AS BLOCKS OF OLD ENCLOSURES ON THE ENCLOSURE MAP OF 1776, WHICH ALSO EMPHASIZES THE LONG, NARROW AND SLIGHTLY CURVING FORM OF THE PROPERTY BOUNDARIES OF MUCH OF THE SOUTHERN ROW OF THE WESTERN NUCLEUS - POINTING TO DEVELOPMENT OVER FORMER ARABLE STRIPS. MANY OF THE ROADS SURROUNDING THE CHURCH HAVE BEEN MISTAKENLY TAKEN TO BE FORMER VILLAGE STREETS BUT ARE LATE C18 ENCLOSURE ROADS, ALBEIT FOLLOWING EARLIER ARABLE HEADLANDS. TWO TENURIAL ELEMENTS DO APPEAR AND PERSIST IN THE DOCUMENTATION FOR HEAPHAM BUT IT IS NOT CLEAR HOW THEY RELATE TO THE TOPOGRAPHICAL DIVISION. POPULATION FIGURES SHOW NO STRONG TRENDS, BUT THERE ARE TROUGHS, NOTABLY IN THE C14 TO C15 AND THE LATE C16 TO C17. BY THE EARLY C18 THERE WERE 25 AND 30 HOUSEHOLDS AND SIMILAR LEVELS HAVE BEEN MAINTAINED SINCE, BUT WITH LIMITED MOVEMENT AWAY FROM THE OLDER NUCLEI TO ROADSIDE PROPERTIES ALONG COMMON LANE LEADING TO HARPSWELL. THE WESTERN, MODERN, NUCLEUS IS QUITE TOPOGRAPHICALLY DISTINCT AND COMPRISES PROPERTIES LAID OUT ON EITHER SIDE OF AN EAST-WEST STREET. {1}

MEDIEVAL AND POST MEDIEVAL POTTERY, TILE AND CLAY PIPE, ALSO A FRAGMENT OF MEDIEVAL WINDOW MULLION, WAS COLLECTED DURING APRIL- MAY 1978 FROM AN AREA TO THE SOUTH OF THE CHURCH AT SK87798849, WHERE VILLAGE CLOSES ARE VISIBLE AS EARTHWORKS ON A PAUL EVERSON AP OF 1976. {2}{3}{4}{5}{6}{7}{8}{9}{10}{11}

A watching brief at SK8760 8830 recorded east/west aligned ridge and furrow, and recovered three sherds of pottery, dating to the 12th and 14th-16th centuries. {12}{13}

Sources:
1 Bibliographic Reference: Everson, P.L., Taylor, C.C. and Dunn, C.J.. 1991. Change and Continuity: Rural Settlement in North-West Lincolnshire. pp.14-5, 28, 39, 111, figs.18, 34, archive notes
2 Index: SMR. Sites and Monuments Record Card Index. SK 88 NE: M, 1979, TMA
3 Artefact: City and County Museum Collection. LM 184.79
4 Aerial Photograph: Everson, Paul. 1975-90. RCHM. 2916/9, 1976
5 Aerial Photograph: Everson, Paul. 1975-90. RCHM. 2964/28, 1979
6 Aerial Photograph: COLE, C.. 1993-2002. INNER VISIONS. UK/E/L:1004VL, 1993
7 Aerial Photograph: COLE, C.. 1993-2002. INNER VISIONS. 179/0597/23, 1997
8 Aerial Photograph: COLE, C.. 1993-2002. INNER VISIONS. Ref: 253/0898/28a (30/8/98)
9 Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. LINCOLNSHIRE. SK8888: LI.11.1.1-3
10 Bibliographic Reference: RUSSELL, R.C. AND RUSSELL, E.. 1983. MAKING NEW LANDSCAPES IN LINCOLNSHIRE. -
11 Bibliographic Reference: RUSSELL, R.C. AND RUSSELL, E.. 1987. PARLIAMENTARY ENCLOSURE AND NEW LINCOLNSHIRE LANDSCAPES. -
12 Intervention Report: Lindsey Archaeological Services. May 2001. Land to the rear of The White House, Heapham. HWH01
13 Excavation Archive: Lindsey Archaeological Services. May 2001. Land to the rear of The White House, Heapham. LCNCC 2001.103

Links:
Lincolnshire County Council is not responsible for the content of external weblinks.
The following reports are available from the ADS digital library.
12 Intervention Report: Lindsey Archaeological Services. May 2001. Land to the rear of The White House, Heapham. HWH01

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Last updated: 03-December-2017 13:43:21

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