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Banks, Sir Joseph (1743-1820)

Significant dates in the life of Sir Joseph Banks

1761 inherited Revesby estate in Lincolnshire

1764 left Oxford without taking a degree

1766 became fellow of the Royal Society and fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. Accompanied old Etonian friend Constantine Phipps on expedition to Labrador and Newfoundland.

1768-71 self-funded member of Endeavour expedition to Tahiti, with Captain Cook. Included sojourns to New Zealand and Australia. Studied the flora and fauna as well as the human populations.

1772 withdrew from Resolution expedition following a dispute with his former patron, Lord Sandwich, and embarked instead on an expedition to Iceland.

1773 became virtual director of Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew

1778-1820 President of the Royal Society

1779 married Dorothea Hugessen (1758-1828)

1779 urged House of Commons to establish a penal colony at Botany Bay

1781 received Baronetcy

1787-9 organised ill-fated Bounty expedition and its successor

1788 founder member of the Africa Society

1797 became privy councillor

1802 became member of National Institute of France following his recovery of the botanist La Billardiere’s natural history collection, captured during the wars with France

1815 London home attacked during Corn Law riots

1820 died 19th June


So:Dictionary of National Biography

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Last updated: 15 December 2016

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