• Shopping Basket: 0 items
  • Sign in or Register to start shopping

Population and status

The number of taxpayers recorded in the lay subsidy of 1332 was 69. Like the Domesday Book, this shouldn’t be taken as total population, as it doesn’t include families, clergy, inhabitants of religious houses, or those who avoided paying tax. This makes a total of about 632. However, Royal Charters of Grantham dating from before the Black Death (1348-1350) show that the population was more like 1500. This shows that figures from documentary sources often have to be treated with caution.

The Black Death and economic decline in the second half of the fourteenth century meant a decline in population in Grantham, and some buildings became derelict. However, Grantham faired much better than many other towns in this period.

According to the Royal Charters of Grantham, by 1550 the population had re-attained its early thirteenth century level of around 1500 people.

Towns offered opportunities for work and wealth creation, and it is estimated that in 1332 up to one-third of people living in Grantham had moved there from the surrounding countryside.

Grantham became an incorporated town in 1463. Incorporation gave towns five key liberties:

  • Perpetual succession of all previous privileges
  • The power of suing and being sued as a whole and by the specific name of the corporation
  • The authority to issue by-laws
  • The power to hold lands
  • Use of a common seal

Towns also often had the freedom to hold their own weekly Borough Court, which Grantham had by the thirteenth century. They had the power to levy money from townspeople and spend it to the benefit of the town as a whole, for example on maintaining walls, bridges and roads and so on. Towns could also regulate trade by setting up merchants guilds. They could also elect officials like the Mayor, or burgess alderman. There was also a council of 24 of the town’s leading inhabitants, who were responsible for maintaining civil and criminal order.

Customer Notice: Viewing images and Online Ordering

As of January 2021, Adobe Flash Player is no longer supported and therefore browsers are disabling and blocking the software for security reasons. Lincs to the Past can still be used as a catalogue to search our collections for documents of interest, but you will be unable to browse through our digital image collections or view photographs. We are aware of this issue, and work is underway to make the contents of Lincs to the Past available by other means. We aim to complete this project during Summer 2021.

Thousands of object records are still available to view on the website and images can be ordered offline. For instructions on how to place an order please visit the 'Buy Images' page. Please do not use the online ordering system. For any queries about ordering digital images please email archive.copies@lincolnshire.gov.uk

Members of Lincolnshire Libraries can access a number of online that may be of use. For more information please visit Lincolnshire Libraries. We apologise to customers for any inconvenience caused.

Follow us on...

follow us on Twitterfollow us on Facebook

Support Lincs to the Past

Lincolnshire's heritage is a rich, diverse and precious legacy. Your donations will be used to improve your visit through better exhibitions, increased digitisation and conservation work. Your generosity will help to preserve and keep vibrant our heritage for future generations. Thank you for your support.

I want to donate...

Last updated: 3 March 2011

Bookmark with:

What are these?

  • © 2012 Lincs To The Past, Lincolnshire Archives

Powered by Webstructure.NET